Thursday, March 22, 2012

Gabriell Holland to Jamestown

The Holland families of Lancashire and the London area provide a powerful political history into the affairs of State.  Gabriell Holland, descending through one of these branches and carried with him the historical past for England.  Holland were adventurers indeed!  The sons of Sir Thomas de Holande who was married to Joan Plantagenet, granddaughter of King Edward I, played powerful political roles in defending the throne of their stepbrother, King Richard I.  Gabriel was chr. in St. Martin-in-the-fields on 15 February 1596. He was a son of John Holland of St. Margaret's Parish where this branch of the family had resided for about three generations.  Gabriell and his brother, Holland, emigrated to America in 1620 on board the "Supply" ship.  "18 Sept 1620, The London Company, page 405. Certiicate of the Mayor of Bristol for saling on the ship "Supply" shipped from Bristol for Virginia, 56 persons. Listed were Gabriell Holland and William Holland."  Later, another brother, Richard, emigrated. This was but the beginning of his adventures, for he soon found himself elected a Burgess for James City County.  An early record of the Virginia Company lists Gabriell Holland and Richard Holland as dead, however, both survived. Gabriell Holland was very active in his capacity as Burgess and travelled on the high seas between Jamestown and London for many years.  We read of one instance of where he took a petition (about 1624 or 1625) to King Charles I to require all adult males in Jamestown to pay an annual tax in the form of tobacco.  However, this petition went unheard for a number of years while the king refused to convene Parliament.  There are listed in the Chancery Court 173 cases involving Gabriell Holland, dating between 1624 and 1649.  Apparently only the indexes to these records survive. The Chancery Court of England was a court of equity (of the common law) and administered estates of lunatics, guardianships of infants, etc. and provided a wide range of remedies.  The headings of the 173 entries in the index are cases of Gabriell as the plaintiff and defendant.  My opinion is that these cases were for and against him in his capacity as Burgess.

Page 46. 28 Feb 1624, Gabriell Holland at the Eastern Shore. "Report from the Governor and Council of Virginia at James City to the King rebutting the accusations against the plantation made by Capt. Nathaniel Butler, 6,000, not 10,000 persons have been transported to Virginia who, or the most part, were wasted by the cruelty o Sir Thomas Smyth's government. Signed by ...Gabriell Holland." PRO: Col2/3/5

24 Jan 1624. "Gabriell Holland and Rebecca" are listed among a census of settlers on James City Island. Gabriell came on the "John and Francis". Rebecca, his wife, was on the same ship. The ship made seven voyages in 1623. Gabriell's Possessions are recorded as a house, 100 dried fish, 7 barrels of corn, 2 bushels of dried peas and beans, 6 swine, a coat of mail, 6 pc, small firearms for hunting and deense.

1624. Gabriell Holland signed "The Tragical Relation of the General Assembly" which revealed that members of the Virginia Assembly responded to Sir Thomas Smith's attempts to discredit and dissolve the Virginia Company of London.

Page 35. 16 Feb 1624. "List of names of the living in Virginia and at those who have died since April 1623. Living: Gabriell Holland. "At the College Land."

1625. Jan 24. James Island. Transported Gabriell Holland and Rebecca, his wife, by "John and Francis".

Cavaliers and Pioneers, page 3, Part I by Nugent: "Mary Holland, 12 acres, 14 August 1624, page 11. Wife of Gabriel Holland of the Island of James City, yeoman, lately in the occupation of William Pink, alias William Jonas, deceased, her former husband, who at his death gave her his devident of 100 acres of which said 12 acres is a part adjoining Nathaniel Hutt and Thomas Passmore. Fee Rent: 3 pence. Measured by William Claybourne."

Cavaliers and Pioneers, page 8, Part I by Nugent: "John Southerne, Gent., of James City, 24 acres in the Island of James City, 1 November 1627, page 55, 12 acres thereof being a neck bounded on East with a marsh parting this from land of John Johnson, West on a marshe called Tuckers Hole, North on the back riber and South on the highway leading to black point; 12 acres lying neare adj. to the former, South on land of Mary Holland, the wife of Gabriel Holland, North on land of John Johnson, East on a marsh and West comeing neare unto land of Thomas Passmore; to be accounted parts of his first devdt. of 50 acres due for transporting of William Soane who came in the George in 1621."

In 1635 Gabriell and Robert Holland sail to Virginia on the "Assurance."

Gabriell Holland was married three times.  The first marriage was to Mary Weekes or Wickes, a daughter of Francis. The marriage was recorded at St. Magadalene, Old Fish Street, in 1622.  Mary must have been killed in the massacre of 1622/1623, for as the deed (above) dated during August of 1624 indicates, he had married Mary, the widow of William Pink, alias William Jonas. This strip of land at Black Point and Tuckers Hole adjoined that of John Smythe and doubtless went to Gabriell.  It is the only location that I know of for him, so his house was probably that of the deceased William Pink.  Meanwhile, it appears that this Mary (the widow) died before February of 1624, the time that Gabriell was listed at the College land. It took about 3 months' voyage between Jamestown and London, so Gabriell must have been back in London by the end of 1624.  He apparently married Rebecca George by the end of 1624 for on January 24, 1625 they were onboard the ship "John and Francis", bound for America.  Rebecca was apparently the mother of the children.

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